This story was reported by Laura Sullivan on behalf of a partnership between NPR News Investigations and ProPublica, an investigative journalism organization.  You can read or listen to more of the report on NPR’s site.  You can also read more from ProPublica: How the Red Cross Raised Half a Billion Dollars for Haiti and Built Six Homes.


When a devastating earthquake leveled Haiti in 2010, millions of people donated to the American Red Cross. The charity raised almost half a billion dollars. It was one of its most successful fundraising efforts ever.  The American Red Cross vowed to help Haitians rebuild, but after five years the Red Cross’ legacy in Haiti is not new roads, or schools, or hundreds of new homes. It’s difficult to know where all the money went.


NPR and ProPublica went in search of the nearly $500 million and found a string of poorly managed projects, questionable spending and dubious claims of success, according to a review of hundreds of pages of the charity’s internal documents and emails, as well as interviews with a dozen current and former officials.


The Red Cross says it has provided homes to more than 130,000 people, but the number of permanent homes the charity has built is six.

The Red Cross long has been known for providing emergency disaster relief — food, blankets and shelter to people in need. And after the earthquake, it did that work in Haiti, too. But the Red Cross has very little experience in the difficult work of rebuilding in a developing country.

The organization, which in 2010 had a $100 million deficit, out-raised other charities by hundreds of millions of dollars and kept raising money well after it had enough for its emergency relief. But where exactly did that money go?

Ask a lot of Haitians, even the country’s former prime minister, and they will tell you they don’t have any idea.

Haitian Red Cross volunteer Jean Zacharie delivers first aid to 1 month old-  Deborah Fatima, mother died in quake.

After the earthquake in 2010 nearly $10 billion dollars of foreign aid was pledged to rebuild Haiti. Vikram Gandhi went to see just how that money is being put to use. This is his debrief from Season 3, Episode 7 of VICE on HBO.

It’s shocking and disappointing to see how little progress the average citizens of Haiti have made with the billions of dollars spent there.  Like Vikram stated in the video, “People are going to have to start curating the way that they donate.  There are a lot of places in Haiti that are smaller and often those places are incredibly successful.”  Please consider donating to or volunteering at the relatively diminutive restoration project at Hopital Adventiste d’Haiti.

The video below was filmed at an independently organized TEDx event and features Edward O’Bryan, an emergency room physician from South Carolina and cofounder of the Palmetto Medical Initiative.  His monologue serves as a poignant reminder that trauma, particularly the musculoskeletal variety, remains a neglected epidemic in developing countries, causing more than five million deaths each year, roughly equal to the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.

Nowhere is the aforementioned statistic more relevant than Haiti where motorbikes provide one of the most efficient ways to navigate it’s unpredictable and rutted streets. But with regulation largely nonexistent, the combination of inexperienced drivers, general lawlessness and packed roadways has resulted in a big jump in accidents according to an article written by David McFadden and published by the Associated Press.

Dr. Bermann Augustin, an orthopedic surgery resident at the Hospital of the State University of Haiti, found in a recent study that motorbikes were involved in nearly 80 percent of all road accidents that sent patients to Port-au-Prince’s main general hospital between April 2014 and February 2015. Emergency room administrators say they rarely saw victims of such accidents before the quake.

“This has become a big public health problem in Haiti and it’s getting worse,” Dr. Augustin said.  At Hopital Adventiste d’Haiti Dr. Alexis is prepared for the onslaught of femur and tibia fractures with a full armamentarium of SIGN nails and the skill to insert them.

Haiti Motorcycle Madness-1

The tenth installment of the May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal. 

All of our team members made it safely back to California several days ago, in fact Elaine Lewis is already back to work in Haiti.  All in all, it was an amazing trip one that we will long remember.  Since our return, team members have been privileged to give several interviews and presentations which will hopefully translate into more donor dollars funneled into the Nepal relief effort.

Our goals for this venture were to provide orthopedic surgical services for the quake victims, administrative disaster support to Scheer Memorial Hospital and hopefully play a role in fundraising for the hospital.  Looking back, we largely accomplished all of our goals but like most volunteer excursions, we all feel that we probably got more out of the experience than we ever gave.  However, we would like to recognize several key individuals without whom our trip would not have been nearly as successful.


First and foremost, we would like to recognize Jerry Daly (third from the left) who is the Associate Director for the Global Health Institute and Assistant Vice-President for Global Outreach at Loma Linda University. We have worked with Jerry on numerous occasions in the past and he and his team always perform miracles for us when it comes to gathering the equipment we need and facilitating our travel arrangements.


We would like to thank the canteen staff at Scheer Memorial Hospital (SMH) who provided delicious home-cooked meals for us at nominal cost. Favorite breakfast items included omelettes and freshly baked doughnuts.


A classic Nepali staple is rice (bhatl) and lentil soup (dal) with curried veggies and tomato achar. If you want to eat it like a traditional Nepali, mix all of the aforementioned items together and proceed to eat the meal, all with your right hand! This particular meal is considered acceptable to eat for breakfast, lunch or dinner. We were truly grateful for the canteen chef’s contribution toward refueling our team each day.


From a gastronomic standpoint, anesthesiologist Steve Mulder is the absolute ideal companion to have on a trip like this. Before departing the US, Steve cleaned out his local Trader Joe’s and brought a literal suitcase full of nuts, granola, almond milk, vege chilli etc. Here is one of Steve’s classic breakfast offerings, fresh papaya and almond milk over TJ’s granola.


Dale Mole, third from the left, is the relatively new CEO of Scheer Memorial Hospital (SMH). Recently retired from the Navy as an emergency medicine physician, Dale and his wife elected to forego a life of leisure and move to Nepal. We were impressed with Dale’s management skills and are very optimistic about SMH’s future under his leadership. Anyone who has spent weeks on end in a submarine and an entire year at the South Pole is ready for the challenge that lies before him in Banepa.


SMH Orthopods Prameed Pilli on the left and Anuj Raj Bijukchhe were gracious hosts and we all worked well together to manage patients in and out of the operating room


Anesthesiologist Ramon Ruiz, pictured with his wife Linda, provided our patients with efficient and compassionate care in the operating room

2 old friends

Laxman Thapa on the left and Sita Ram on the right, were both young men working in the operating room when I first visited Scheer Memorial Hospital in 1995. Laxman is now working as an anesthesia tech in the operating room and Sita Ram works as a technician in the emergency room.


Deepak Shrestha is the Chief of Orthopedics at Dhulikhel Hospital just a few kilometers from our home base in Banepa. Cognizant of the huge backlog of cases awaiting his staff, Deepak fully embraced our team and gave us our own room to start slogging through the caseload. The banner image above was taken at Dhulikhel Hospital where we were grateful for their hospitality between cases.

Nelson and Roshni

Scott Nelson on the left getting ready to leave for Dhulikhel Hospital bearing the gift of a new DeWalt surgical drill/driver purchased from our local Home Depot along with a specially designed sterile cover. The combo works almost as well as a similar item we would purchase for several thousand dollars back home. Scott posing on the right with All-Star scrub tech Roshni who exhibited technical expertise far beyond her 24 years of age and amazing poise in the operating room even during a 7.3 trembler!


One of the tangible contributions to Scheer Memorial Hospital (SMH) that we were able to make were the trays of surgical gear donated through the efforts of Jerry Daly and the Global Health Institute. Orthopedic surgery is such an equipment-intensive specialty so we were grateful to provide these new tools for the SMH ortho team to utilize.


Finally, we’d like to give Etihad Airways, the flag carrier airline of the United Arab Emirates, a shout-out for getting us safely to and back from Kathmandu. We landed and took of from a compromised Kathmandu airport without incident and were treated royally in flight. We were fortunate enough to score seats behind the bulkhead between business and economy class which afforded us extra leg room along with power ports for our phones and computers.

Click here to get a brief view of the staggering human toll in Nepal, and just like many of the souls in Haiti after their earthquake tragedy, you will get a glimpse of the resiliency of those who survived.  Scheer Memorial Hospital continues to treat victims of both the April 25 and May 12 earthquakes that crippled the country, please consider donating to the Nepal Relief Fund.

Blue door-2

The ninth installment of the May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal was written by surgical technician Elaine Lewis.  In addition to her duties in the operating room, Elaine has many years experience as a midwife back home in California and was able to participate in the birth of two lives shortly after the second biggest quake in Nepal when so many more lives were lost.  This was a phenomenon also noted in Haiti where many deliveries were precipitated associated with the stress of aftershocks.

Life in Nepal is certainly difficult, but the poverty doesn’t seem to compare with what I’ve seen in Haiti.  Many of the people I saw in Nepal lived in rural settings with gardens and often animals.  I felt like I was looking at the world through a pair of prescription lenses that were in a time warp.  One side of the glasses viewed century-old practices and the other side viewed modern times.  Women in colorful Nepalese clothing walked to the fields with huge baskets strapped to their foreheads while others rode motorcycles in western clothes.

Blue door

As the five of us from LLU walked, hiked, and ran through the hills surrounding Scheer Memorial Hospital (SNH) in Banepa, Nepal, we witnessed the devastation of a 7.9 earthquake that struck on April 25 and wondered how anyone survived and the death toll wasn’t much higher.  A 7.3 quake followed while we were there and we saw a new wave of patients coming in for treatment with fractures and lacerations.  Buildings that were severely compromised in the first quake came down in the second one.  We saw dust clouds in the hills surrounding the hospital as buildings fell.


Newly injured patients began to pour into the emergency room at SMH after the 7.3 quake that occurred on May 12

But there were many bright spots surrounding the devastation.  New life began for two pregnant mothers at Scheer shortly after the second quake.  I was able to assist in the birth of two babies born just four minutes apart in the same room while I was there, and I watched with pride as none of the midwives or nurses bolted for safety during a 6.4 aftershock.  All the new mothers slept outside in a tent with their babies in the chilly night air in case any more earthquake activity threatened.


Elaine giving water to a new mother whom she helped deliver a little baby girl after the May 12 earthquake

Finally, a trip to a mountain village where every single home was leveled and two children died, was one I’ll never forget.  A clinic was set up in a concrete building of newer construction with minimal damage.  While Dr. Lou from Tennessee examined patients with varied ailments, the children played yard games with the young team of grief counselors from Kentucky that Dr. Lou brought with her.  Someone told us that it was the first time the community had felt light-hearted since the quake.  I have no idea how a people rebuild from nothing and with nothing, but it was clear that the Nepalese will do exactly that.


Part 8 of the May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal.  In addition to the April 25 7.8 magnitude quake, the devastated Nepali people were dealt another blow in the form of a 7.3 magnitude trembler on May 12.  Please consider donating to Adventist Health International’s Nepal Earthquake Fund as there is still much work to be accomplished.  Scheer Memorial Hospital is depicted in the banner image above on the edge of fields of crops.

Most mornings we were able to get up around 5:30 and go for either a run or walk through the hills behind the hospital and interact with some of the villagers.  It was then that we became even more impressed with the resiliency, fortitude and warmth of the Nepalese spirit that I hope is reflected in the following photo essay.


2 girls


2 old ladies


2 little kids


Market peeps




Old men

Part 7 of the May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal.  The following post was written by Andrew Haglund, logisitical supporter for our team.  Andrew’s eyewitness account was also posted on CNN’s iReport.  (This and subsequent updates from Nepal will be intermittent and delayed due to marginal internet access at SMH).

The 40 some odd seconds during the magnitude 7.3 earthquake that struck here yesterday, were undeniably the most frightening of my life. No amount of preparation or even 42 years of Southern California shakers can prepare you for something quite like that. I’ve been here in Nepal for about a week now and was growing rather accustom to the frequent aftershocks, but it didn’t take long to realize this was different.

I am here in Nepal serving as logistical support for a small surgical team from Loma Linda University and Adventist Health International. Our team was assembled and deployed at the request of the Scheer Memorial Hospital administration based on our experience responding to the 2010 earthquake in Haiti at Hopital Adventist d’Haiti. We arrived with 22 cases of surgical instruments, medical consumables, medications, and all of the other supplies needed to function as a surgical unit. Since our arrival our surgeons have been operating both here and in another hospital close by, while I have been working with the Scheer administration to improve disaster readiness, increase communications channels, and consult on future NGO partnerships for the longterm recovery.


We had just completed a readiness exercise on hospital incident command with the Scheer administration in the 3rd floor conference room of the hospital. One of our team’s surgeons and I had decided to stay in the room for a few minutes to check emails on our laptops. When the room started to shake we instinctively locked eyes in an effort to force collective decision-making. Two other expatriate female mission workers were suddenly in the room with us. With few words shared the 4 of us sheltered in place for about 15 seconds, then the violence of the shaking increased. Again, with only a word or two exchanged we shifted for a doorway. The next few seconds presented an incredible set of choices, but when the shaking intensified yet again it was unanimous; “Okay, lets go”. Running past our shoes, we headed for the 3 flights of slick tile stairs in our socks. My mind was racing with thoughts of the previous day’s health cluster meeting where it was shared that it was the stairways that were “slicing” victims and should be avoided. We ran down those stairs with one thought in mind; get to open space.

As we exited the hospital and regained our composure, it was imperative to get back to our objective of assistance. The noise was incredible, birds were screeching, dogs were barking and people were wailing. Patients, family members, doctors and staff, were streaming out of the hospital. We spent the next few hours shifting basic hospital operations outside under tents, providing food, water, shelter, and as best possible, assurance that this too will pass.

Pray incessantly for the people of Nepal.

Immediately after the quake occurred, employees and patients began to exit the hospital building
One by one, tents were erected to protect the patients from the elements
Eventually some of the patients chose to return to the hospital building to spend the night
Most of the patients elected to spend the night under the tents away from the danger of falling buildings

Part 6 of our May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal.  A new earthquake of 7.3-magnitude hit devastated Nepal on May 12, just 17 days after large parts of Nepal were leveled and more than 8,000 had died.  The following post was written by Dr Scott Nelson who was operating at Dhulikhel Hospital when the second biggest Nepali quake this year occurred.  Dr Nelson’s eyewitness account was also posted on CNN’s iReport.  (This and subsequent updates will be intermittent and delayed due to marginal internet access at SMH).

Earthquake victims crowded the entrances, rooms, and hallways at Scheer Memorial Adventist Hospital and Dhulikhel/Kathmandu University Hospital east of Kathmandu. Operating room schedules overflowed with orthopaedic surgery cases as doctors and nurses have been working tirelessly to treat the seemingly endless stream of injuries since the April 25 earthquake. As the task at hand was being steadily accomplished and time was found to operate on some of the less emergent cases the country was again hit with a powerful tremor centered approximately 35 miles to the northeast of these hospitals.

Patients already suffering mentally and physically from the recent quake were terrified, some were able to get out of the hospital buildings where they felt safe and others that were bedridden were taken out by family members and healthcare workers. Two women went into labor minutes after the quake and one patient who was being weaned from the ventilator was able to be immediately extubated and then was moved out of the building.

I was performing a spine surgery on a victim that had suffered two vertebral body fractures from the first earthquake when the room began to shake. I paused as I was placing a screw into the spinal column thinking that this was just another aftershock and would soon pass. When the shaking strengthened I had little choice but to brace myself and finish inserting the screw. Half of our sterile pedicle screws fell on the floor, but we were able to finish the case in record time with the remaining implants. My Nepali assistants were stoic and stood strong throughout the operation during which four more tremors occurred. Shortly after the shaking stopped someone offered to relieve my nurse but she said she would not abandon the patient and her surgeon.


A triage center was once again set up outside of the hospital and patients began to flood in. Most were injuries from people who had jumped out of buildings or fallen in efforts to escape danger. By nightfall some patients had been moved back into buildings however others preferred to stay outside under tents and tarps.


With already hypersensitive reflexes, patients outside of DH immdiately vacated the building when the new quake hit


Drs Nelson and Shrestha reviewing an xray at the triage center outside of DH

Part 5 of our May, 2015 Loma Linda University Health Orthopedic Team visit to Nepal.  Some readers may find it unusual that we are posting trip reports from Nepal on a website devoted to a project in Haiti.  However the precipitating circumstances (major earthquakes) are similar and currently a team that frequents Hopital Adventiste d’Haiti are working at Scheer Memorial Hospital (SMH) in Banepa, Nepal.  (This and subsequent reports from Nepal will be posted in a straggled fashion due to inconsistent internet access).

Due to postquake patient flow, a nearby hospital received more trauma victims than SMH did.  After finishing our cases last Friday we headed a few kilometers east on the road to China to Dhulikhel Hospital to determine if our team could be of assistance.


From L to R: SMH orthopedist Prameed Pilli, Scott Nelson, DH orthopedist Deepak Shresha


There was an impressive list of cases at DH waiting for surgeons to tackle


Second page of cases on the orthopedic surgical list for the same day at DH


For the remainder of our time spent in Nepal, we elected to spread out our team between SMH and DH which proved to be a very rewarding option for both facilities. Here Dr Phil is working with Dr Pilli at SMH.


Scott and Jim stabilizing a spine at DH with allstar scrub tech Roshni on the left


Patient in traction patiently waiting for surgery at DH


Scott Nelson making rounds with an orthopedic PA at DH

Dr Phil

Dr Phil performing an open reduction and internal fixation of a bothbone forearm fracture at DH